Responses without a territorial scope


Armed Non-State Actors (ANSAs), including those that control territory, respond to COVID-19 by adopting new policies and implementing measures. Against this background, the ANSA COVID-19 Response Monitor provides a tracking of such documents and practices.

The Response Monitor includes a broad variety of unilateral declarations and public statements made by ANSAs in response to COVID-19 and documented measures taken by ANSAs. For the purposes of the Response Monitor, Geneva Call uses a broad understanding of ANSAs that covers many type of actors, including de facto authorities, non- or partially internationally recognized States, armed opposition movements, movements of national liberation, paramilitary units, vigilante groups or self-defence militia, armed gangs and cartels.

The ANSAs responses have been collected by Geneva Call in the course of its work. Yet the Response Monitor does not purport to be comprehensive or exhaustive. Geneva Call uses a variety of methods to collect responses and to verify their accuracy, both at field and headquarter levels. Nonetheless, the information and materials offered may contain inaccuracies or errors and Geneva Call expressly excludes liability for any such inaccuracies or errors. Geneva Call welcomes suggestions for additions.

The views expressed in ANSAs responses should not be taken, in any way, to reflect the opinion of Geneva Call. Instead, the inclusion of such responses in the Response Monitor serves to document different policy choices or measures taken by ANSAs. Responses are included for information and documentation purposes only. Inclusions of responses is not intended to be prescriptive or to convey that ANSAs should take such measures. It does not imply any endorsement or approval of Geneva Call of ANSAs response in particular situations, the content of such responses or the way an ANSA addresses the COVID-19 crisis in areas under its control or other conflict-affected areas. Nor does the Response Monitor purport that the responses included are in compliance with international standards or that they have been implemented in practice. Geneva Call does not bear any responsibility to monitor the implementation of the measures specifically adopted by ANSAs in the context of the COVID-19 crisis.


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